By ROLAND A. CARLSTEDT
This booklet offers first-time learn findings and new empirically established views and functions in activity psychology.Highly provocative facts derived from the biggest unmarried learn ever on athletes is used to develop an unique version of height functionality centering on a essentially rising athlete's profile. imperative to the ebook is the speculation of serious Moments, which proposes that psychological components are most important in the course of particularly delineated psychologically major classes of pageant and is helping clarify while and why intrusive cognitions effect functionality.
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Additional info for Critical Moments During Competition: A Mind-Body Model of Sport Performance When It Counts the Most
1990; Wickramasekera et al. 1996b). fm Page 31 Monday, June 7, 2004 4:53 PM THE HIGH-RISK MODEL OF THREAT PERCEPTION behavioral symptoms (Lane et al. 1990). In contrast, lows, who are considered less adept at self-deception, appear more likely to experience psychological symptoms such as depression and anxiety but appear less likely to experience psychophysiological symptoms (Lane et al. 1990; Wickramasekera 1998). RC is also viewed as a “self-enhancing cognitive style” that promotes the rapid dampening of negative affective responses to stressors, maintenance or enhancement of self-esteem, and a lowered risk for psychopathology (Tomarken and Davidson 1994, p.
This deficit in reduced cross-callosal transfer of aversive information is thought to account for reduced psychopathology in highs (Tomarken and Davidson 1994). Heightened autonomic and endocrine activation in high repressors is thought to reflect the mobilization of processes that inhibit distress, facilitate goal-oriented behavior, or both (Tomarken and Davidson 1994). Predictions from the HRMTP Emerging research on the HRMTP has led to the following predictions: 1. Development of somatic symptomology and illness is always a function of multidimensional interactions among psychological risk factors and genetics.
The detrimental and facilitative effects of these primary higherorder (PHO) personality traits and behavioral mechanisms are also capable of singularly influencing performance; that is, they are independent of one another. Although the constellations of hypnotic ability/absorption, neuroticism, and RC are expected to be most potent in the context of critical moments, they can affect performance independently during baseline or routine phases of competition, when the perception of threat is not present or substantially reduced.