By Edda Weigand
Comprises many of the papers given at a global workshop on the collage of Munster in may well 1997. The textual content addresses questions of lexical semantics from the pragmatic standpoint of a corpus-oriented strategy in addition to from the model-oriented standpoint of signal theoretic linguistics. in the corpus-oriented procedure, the concept unmarried phrases can not be thought of to be the lexical unit is mentioned. different types of contrastive lexical semantics also are lined: the two-level version; the structural version; a version of contrastive idiom research; and a computerlinguistic version.
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Additional resources for Contrastive Lexical Semantics
In contrast to 'semes' and 'atomic predicates', which can be considered as units of semantic decompo- 34 EDDA WEIGAND sition starting from signs, predicating positions represent units of semantic composition starting from human abilities. Besides analysing the meaning of signs into minor units by semantic decomposition, there is another way of indicating meaning, namely by means of paraphrases or synonyms which we find in monolingual dictionaries such as the Cobuild dictionary, even if it stresses the notion of use.
Mel'cuk & Wanner (1994:91), for instance, concede: "idiosyncrasies in collocations abound and have to be simply listed". These idiosyncrasies run through the whole use of language like a subtle but firm network. Competent speakers have to know these subtle differences in the use of different languages which are - being single cases based on conventions not on rules, such as: (3) ein erstes Argument dagegen einen Traum haben einen Lauf machen wie überall one main argument against faire une rêve fare la corsa come da altre parti Bierwisch (1967) and others have already pointed out the difficulties with which the sign theory approach is confronted.
E. that are used for predicating. In language use, we do not take single signs and insert them in syntactic positions of the sentence according to rules of compositionality. e. words-in-use or waysof-use, nothing else. These syntactically defined phrases are the lexical units of our communicative competence. They are stored in our memory as com plex units, as we can check when examining possible combinations of words. We are ill at ease when confronted with ways-of-use that are not wellestablished and we feel relieved when we arrive at a conventional phrase stored as such in our memory.