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Additional resources for Consciousness and the Great Philosophers: What would they have said about our mind-body problem?
A major, multivolume study of the Chinese translations and commentaries on this text is forthcoming from Brill. Willis has translated the Tattva¯rtha chapter into English (Asan·ga fourth century). For further reading, see Lusthaus (1999). 5 Dharmakı¯rti and the problem of consciousness Mark Siderits The problem of consciousness investigated in this volume is a problem primarily for physicalists. 1 The motivation behind the panBuddhist consensus on physicalism is soteriological in nature: if a sentient being is no more than a body and a brain, then rebirth would seem to be ruled out, and at death everyone effortlessly attains the professed Buddhist goal of cessation of rebirth.
Causal conditions are sequences and chains of causal events. Sorting out the various types of causal chain and their interactions occupies a sizeable portion of Yoga¯ca¯ra texts, including Cheng weishilun. Their analysis is detailed and elaborate, and we can only touch on some basic features here. Perception In early medieval Buddhism, including for Vasubandhu, there were three types of legitimate sources of knowledge: perception, logical inference, and authoritative scripture. In debates between opposing Buddhists, this was alluded to as relying on scriptures (a¯gama) and reasoning (yukti).
That which is the subject of current physics or a recognizable successor) and consciousness have prima facie incompatible properties. In the classical Indian context two popular candidates are inertness (present in all physical things but absent from the mental), and the pair being publicly observable and being private (observable only by the subject). The burden is then on the physicalist to explain away the apparent incompatibility. The Indian physicalist claims this explanatory gap can be closed reductively: any allegedly non-physical property of something deemed mental can be explained as the aggregate effect of some combination of physical properties.