By Jiyuan Tu, Kiao Inthavong, Kelvin Kian Loong Wong
This booklet discusses geometric and mathematical types that may be used to review fluid and structural mechanics within the cardiovascular procedure. the place conventional learn methodologies within the human cardiovascular approach are difficult as a result of its invasive nature, numerous contemporary advances in clinical imaging and computational fluid and stable mechanics modelling now supply new and interesting study possibilities. This rising box of analysis is multi-disciplinary, concerning numerical tools, computational technology, fluid and structural mechanics, and biomedical engineering. definitely any new scholar or researcher during this box may well think beaten by means of the big variety of disciplines that have to be understood.
This certain e-book is without doubt one of the first to compile wisdom from a number of disciplines, offering a kick off point to every of the person disciplines concerned, trying to ease the steep studying curve. This ebook offers simple wisdom at the body structure of the cardiovascular method; easy wisdom and strategies on reconstructing geometric versions from clinical imaging; arithmetic that describe fluid and structural mechanics, and corresponding numerical/computational how you can remedy its equations and problems.
Many useful examples and case reviews are awarded to enhance top perform directions for surroundings prime quality computational types and simulations. those examples include quite a few photographs for visualisation, to give an explanation for cardiovascular physiological features and illness. The reader is then uncovered to a couple of the newest examine actions via a precis of leap forward learn versions, findings, and techniques.
The book’s process is aimed toward scholars and researchers coming into this box from engineering, utilized arithmetic, biotechnology or medication, wishing to interact during this rising and interesting box of computational hemodynamics modelling.
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Additional resources for Computational Hemodynamics – Theory, Modelling and Applications
The right ventricle is a heart chamber that pumps de-oxygenated blood to the respiratory system, and left ventricle is the most muscular chamber that pumps the oxygenated blood to all parts of the body. Heart valves are present at the connections of the atria and ventricles, as well as the pulmonary artery and aorta to achieve a single flow direction circuit. The white arrows indicate the direction of blood flow 26 2 The Human Cardiovascular System Fig. 5 A magnetic resonance showing how the heart is positioned in a human.
2 Physiology of the Cardiovascular System 29 Fig. 8 Cardiac cycle events occuring in the left ventricle. 9). The CCA is the main channel for supplying this oxygenated blood. It commonly exists as a bifurcation from which the ECA and ICA are originated. 10). This artery, which is also Fig. 9 Components of the carotid arterial network. The carotid bifurcation comprises the Common Carotid Artery ( CCA), the Internal Carotid Artery ( ICA) and the External Carotid Artery ( ECA) at the neck and the head.
1989b). In particular, large eccentric lipid cores are of mechanical disadvantage since circumferential tensile stresses are configured in such a way that fibrous caps have a tendency to rupture most of the time (Cheng et al. 1993a). This gives rise to the relationship between plaque rupture and the critical stress acting on the fibrous cap. Autopsies of patients that are diagnosed of cardiac ischemia showed that the level of macrophages is high, smooth muscle cells are reduced, the proportion of crescentic acellular mass for a lipid core is significant, and the fibrous cap is thin (Fayad and Fuster 2001; Moreno et al.