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By Richard H. Cummings

Throughout the chilly conflict, Radio loose Europe and Radio Liberty broadcast uncensored information and observation to humans dwelling in communist countries. As severe components of the CIA's early covert actions opposed to communist regimes in japanese Europe, the Munich-based stations drew a wide viewers regardless of efforts to jam the publicizes and ban voters from hearing them. This heritage of the stations within the chilly battle period finds the perils their employees confronted from the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Romania and different communist states. It recounts intimately the homicide of author Georgi Markov, the 1981 bombing of the stations via "Carlos the Jackal," infiltration via KGB agent Oleg Tumanov and different occasions. Appendices contain safety studies, letters among Carlos the Jackal and German terrorist Johannes Weinrich and different files, lots of that have by no means been released.

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Additional info for Cold War Radio: The Dangerous History of American Broadcasting in Europe, 1950–1989

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FOCUS was timed to coincide with November 2. The 1950s 47 local elections in Hungary and was meant to focus the attention of Hungarian citizens on attainable goals. ” Similar to the VETO operations (see below), small decals with the number “12” were included in the balloon operation and were later found on Communist Party posters. The balloons were launched in the southeast part of Germany close to the Austrian border. Thus, in effect, the balloons had to travel over a neutral country to land in Hungary.

Edward Barrett gave the State Department position; saying that the present type of campaign was harming the total United States effort and making people ask the question whether the Voice of America is really needed. He did not say that to his surprise no serious questions came up in the last Congress concerning the apparent duplication between Radio Free Europe and VOA. Mr. Barrett suggested that instead of the present type of Crusade for Freedom, a low-pressure program should be conducted. 48 The assembled group agreed on Barrett’s proposal.

The only thing he could remember about this person is that he had something to do within the offices of the Vienna newspaper Kurier. S. officials and visitors used offices at the Kurier. From time to time when certain Americans came to Vienna they would turn in their U. S. passports at these offices, and this young man safeguarded these passports and assigned rooms to the Americans. The young man had a Slovak name, which Kiripolsky could not remember. At the trial Kiripolsky was shown photographs of some of the passports allegedly turned in at the Kurier offices.

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