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Reports the advance of city-states within the classical and medieval sessions

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1. = Loraux: Unity and Division 41 ance between two speeches - by which we may understand two voting proposals - "the Athenians had reached a conflict of opinion [es agona tes d6xes] , and in the show of hands the vote was almost evenly divided [agkh6malotl, but the argument put forward by Diodotos - the right one won in the end [ ekrttese] . " 33 As it turned out to be the correct decision, there is nothing further to be said, but how would it be if the result were different? As it happens, after this happy outcome the Athenian assemblies in Thucydides make no further sensible decisions.

In this way the figure exposes a profound afnity between the city and what threatens it (and what is at the same time a realization of its being) . But that i s not al l . Against the black-and-white background o f the robe, a black St and a white No stand out clearly, balancing and confronting each other on either side of the line that divides the two colors like a strange decoration. Yes /No . " Yes or no" were the alternatives that the Athenians employed to produce the divisions by which they decided questions in the popular assembly.

This was the decree of Nakone, published in the collection of decrees of Entella by D. Asheri (Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa 12, 3 [1 982] no. 3). 8. See my "Repolitiser la cite," in L'Homme. Anthropologie, E ta t des lieux (Paris, 1986) 263-83. 36 Consciousness and Representation III I do not wish to spend too much time over the city as a unity except to note that it sees itself both as a reality and as an ideal. lO Before taking the analysis of this model any further, and certainly before adopting it, I would like to define more closely the conditions in Greece, the place, time, and circumstances, under which it was constructed.

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