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By Ariel Heryanto

Tough Authoritarianism in Southeast Asia is among the first titanic comparative reports of latest Indonesia and Malaysia, houses to the world's greatest Muslim inhabitants. Following the cave in of latest Order rule in Indonesia in 1998, this booklet offers an in-depth exam of anti-authoritarian forces in modern Indonesia and Malaysia, assessing their difficulties and clients. The authors speak about the jobs performed by means of ladies, public intellectuals, arts employees, business employees in addition to environmental and Islamic activists. They discover how diversified kinds of authoritarianism within the international locations impact the customers of democratization, and think about the influence and legacy of the various social and political protests in Indonesia and Malaysia within the overdue Nineteen Nineties.

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Additional resources for Challenging Authoritarianism in Southeast Asia: Comparing Indonesia and Malaysia (Politics in Asia Series)

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As expected, the unofficial event attracted more people. 17 Unlike previous conflicts within this or any other campus, criticism and countercriticism of the elections were constantly featured in the mass media. Apparently a little out of touch with developments in the wider society, the Board found the media coverage unacceptable. 18 Actually, it was only after the arrival of Arief at SWCU in 1980 that the institution received regular media attention. Interviews with him on current affairs appeared regularly on the front pages of major dailies, drawing the nation’s attention to SWCU.

Intellectual radicalism and subalternism were particularly strong in the 1980s when political repression was at its height and dissenting confrontation was by definition suicidal. Initially such dissent went underground, but in the 1990s it assumed an increasingly higher profile. Indonesia’s capitalism since the 1980s multiplied the number of industrial and labour disputes that found no representation or recourse in the existing legal and political system (see Chapters 3 and 4). The frustration, though contained, and emerging confidence among the middle classes during this period did not differ greatly from developments in Malaysia in the late 1990s (see Chapters 5 and 7).

What escaped the observation of many was that the institution became a miniature Indonesia in ARIEL HERYANTO 35 more than a superficial and exoticized fashion. It was also a miniature of Indonesia in other more dangerous senses—culturally, politically and economically. Despite some resistance from within, the University was subjected to various pressures from both the notoriously interventionist and repressive state apparatus, as well as the economic pragmatism of the unprecedented expansion of industrial capitalism.

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