By John Davenport, Gavin M. Burnell, Tom Cross, Mark Emmerson, Rob McAllen, Ruth Ramsay, Emer Rogan
This quantity offers a consultant pattern of contributions to the forty first eu Marine Biology Symposium held in September 2005 in Cork, eire. The subject matter of the symposium used to be ‘Challenges to Marine Ecosystems’ and this was once divided into 4 sub subject matters; Genetics, Marine secure components, worldwide weather swap and Marine Ecosystems, Sustainable Fisheries and Agriculture. The world’s marine ecosystems face a number of demanding situations, a few normal, yet many as a result of humankind’s actions. worldwide weather swap, pushed by way of affects of power utilization and commercial practices, is a fact now accredited by way of lots of the world’s scientists, media and political institutions. Warming seas and emerging sea degrees are considered as threats, whereas visionaries think about deep ocean carbon disposal as a technological chance. Exploitation of the seas maintains apace, with repeated matters over the influence of over-fishing, plus reservations in regards to the environmental results of marine aquaculture. we have to know how resilient organisms and ecosystems are to those demanding situations, whereas responding via maintaining biologically-meaningful components of the oceans. The subthemes of the forty first ecu Marine Biology Symposium deal with all of those issues.
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Additional info for Challenges to Marine Ecosystems: Proceedings of the 41st European Marine Biology Symposium (Developments in Hydrobiology)
Ii) Even in Europe, our knowledge of marine life is still at a low level. Many species remain to be described, many habitats are not yet mapped and we only know some examples of the ecological processes that are involved. While we must use the knowledge we have, it would very unwise to assume it is sufﬁcient for all purposes. The only practical way to ensure full conservation is to keep representative areas free from all exploitation. , is selfevident and requires no detailed data. (iv) All the other aims and beneﬁts of marine reserves are largely dependent on the success of conserving a high level of undisturbed marine life.
It is important to science to establish a full system of such reserves in every region. These systems need to be based on principles which are acceptable to both professionals and the public. Such principles must be clear and either self-evident or demonstrable. It is the responsibility of scientists to provide and explain these principles. Fortunately, most of this work has already been done, but the results have not yet been given much publicity, even in scientiﬁc circles. The wider beneﬁts of marine reserves, especially those to conservation, are sufﬁciently obvious to warrant the support of any thoughtful citizen, but the ordinary public needs its intuitive views to be given formal and public backing by scientists, if the politicians are to resist the claims of those proﬁting from the status quo.
We consider it is part of our professional duty as marine biologists to state publicly and frequently the need for a representative, replicated, networked and sustainable system of highly protected marine reserves. We doubt if our grandchildren will accept any excuses if we fail. 123 36 Keywords Marine reserves Á Systems Á Scientiﬁc beneﬁts Á Professional duty Introduction Marine reserves are places in the sea that are left undisturbed so that they continue in their natural state or recover towards a more natural state.