By Warren Robertson
This interdisciplinary learn integrates textual research of the Hebrew Bible and related historic close to japanese fabric with social conception and archaeology so as to articulate the traditional Israelites' taken-for-granted understandings (doxa) of average mess ups, their highbrow and theological demanding situations to these understandings, and their highbrow and theological reconstructions thereof. After a survey of textual and archaeological proof for usual mess ups within the old close to japanese and Mediterranean global, Robertson demonstrates that universal understandings of them are forged by way of punishment for covenant infidelity. even if, while traditional failures are understood as such, their arbitrary destruction demanding situations these taken-for-granted assumptions. The conflict among cognitive expectation and experiential fact produces cognitive dissonance. Responses, then, are available the try to go back to cognitive, if no longer social, stability.
Several responses have been practiced and articulated by means of the traditional Israelites in regards to the retributive realizing of traditional (and different communal) mess ups: stay away from and/or try and hinder the disrupting event by utilizing apotropaic and different ritual innovations, protest the pain of the blameless, revise the assumptions approximately divine punishment and/or divine personality, revise the assumptions approximately human activities, or melancholy of deciding upon any correlation among human motion and divine punishment.