By Arang Keshavarzian
The Tehran Bazaar has consistently been relevant to the Iranian financial system and certainly, to the Iranian city adventure. Arang Keshavarzian's interesting booklet compares the economics and politics of less than the Pahlavis, who sought to undermine it within the force for modernisation and less than the next progressive regime, which got here to energy with a mandate to maintain the bazaar as an 'Islamic' establishment. the results in their respective guidelines have been thoroughly at odds with their intentions. regardless of the Shah's antagonistic method, the bazaar flourished lower than his rule and maintained its organisational autonomy to such an volume that it performed an fundamental position within the Islamic revolution. Conversely, the Islamic Republic carried out regulations that unwittingly remodeled the ways that the bazaar operated, hence undermining its capability for political mobilisation. Arang Keshavarizian's e-book offers strange insights into the politics, economics and society of Iran throughout 4 many years.
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Additional info for Bazaar and State in Iran: The Politics of the Tehran Marketplace
G. local elites, insular minorities, drug addicts in a neighborhood), access is gained by identifying a few members to refer you to further members, who in turn direct you to other members, and so forth. This entails using a few initial contacts to generate further interviews via referrals and thus create entry points into the community. Through previous contacts I established six independent entre´es into the Bazaar. In turn, as I met these bazaaris, explained my project and earned a level of trust, I asked them to introduce me to other members of the Bazaar.
In all of these cases, a dynamic tension 43 44 I see parallels between my research question and Waterbury’s comments that variations exist in patron–client relations. ’’ John Waterbury, ‘‘An Attempt to Put Patrons and Clients in Their Place,’’ in Patrons and Clients in Mediterranean Societies, ed. , 1977), p. 332. Institutions as ‘‘congealed tastes’’ is Riker’s term. William H. Riker, ‘‘Implications from Disequilibrium of Majority Rule for the Study of Institutions,’’ American Political Science Review 74 (June 1980), 445.
While most discussions of bazaars treat them as a uniform whole, my research revealed that important differences exist across the many sectors making up the greater Tehran Bazaar. With this in mind, I conducted in-depth research on the handwoven carpet, tea, and china and glassware sectors to investigate different institutional settings and the consequences of these for the process of commercial exchange in the Bazaar. Through cross-sectoral analysis I evaluate alternative hypotheses for the generation of cooperative hierarchies and coercive hierarchies, and also trace the process underlying my network-based argument.