Download Balancing Renewable Electricity: Energy Storage, Demand Side by Bert Droste-Franke, Boris P. Paal, Christian Rehtanz, Dirk PDF

By Bert Droste-Franke, Boris P. Paal, Christian Rehtanz, Dirk Uwe Sauer, Jens-Peter Schneider, Miranda Schreurs, Thomas Ziesemer

An very important target at the back of the restructuring of Germany’s and Europe’s electrical energy structures is to lessen the environmental burden, specially with admire to greenhouse fuel emissions, of the present structures. Emissions has to be introduced all the way down to a degree that's sustainable ultimately and in keeping with greenhouse fuel emission relief objectives. assembly those ambitions would require a method (as most sensible as present wisdom indicates) that might have the capacity to cope concurrently with the basic calls for for monetary potency, environmental sustainability and provide defense. employing latest situations, this learn sketches this type of approach. It focuses specifically on auxiliary platforms similar to power garage equipment and community extensions.
The examine introduces applied sciences which can stability electrical energy in strength structures and which can function allowing applied sciences for the mixing of huge amounts of renewable energies within the strength offer process. It starts off with a dialogue of normative goals for the long run electrical energy process ahead of carrying on with with an outline of present regulations and political advancements and an summary of correct present strength approach stories. those sections function history for the rest of the examine. they're via dialogue and research of the starting to be call for for capability to stability the fluctuations present in electrical energy generated in energy structures with a excessive penetration of renewable energies, the potentials of numerous applied sciences, requisites for electric networks, fiscal affects and critical criminal matters. eventually, the most demanding situations to the fulfillment of constructing balancing applied sciences and approaches for renewable electricity-dominant structures are summarised and proposals made.

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Additional resources for Balancing Renewable Electricity: Energy Storage, Demand Side Management, and Network Extension from an Interdisciplinary Perspective

Sample text

Europe remains heavily dependent upon fossil fuels for its primary energy, but a clear shift in the energy mix over time is becoming visible. According to Eurostat, in 1998, crude oil, petroleum products, and solid fuels combined accounted for 59% and renewables a mere 2% of gross inland consumption. A little more than a decade later, in 2008, crude oil, petroleum products, and solid fuels still accounted for 54% of the total energy consumption mix, while renewables increased their share to 10% of gross final energy consumption (Eurostat 2011a).

4 im Haupttext) zeigen auf, dass drei Optionen in einem System mit einem hohen Anteil von Elektrizita¨t aus Wind- und Solarkraft verfolgt werden ko¨nnen, um Nachfrage und Angebot von Elektrizita¨t auszugleichen. Die erste sieht vor, die internationalen Netzverbindungen, ¨ bertragungsnetz, auszubauen und die Installation von Windkraftanlagen vor allem das U und solar betriebenen Anlagen so anzupassen, dass ein großes Potential fu¨r den Stromaustausch bei regional unterschiedlichem Elektrizita¨tsbedarf entsteht.

1 im Haupttext) ergab fu¨r das Leitszenario ein maximales Leistungsdefizit zur Deckung von Lu¨cken im Stromangebot in 2030 von 7 GW und in 2040+ von 18 GW. Der maximale ¨ berschuss an elektrischer Leistung ergab sich in 2030 zu 13,7 und zeitweise U in 2040+ zu 24 GW. Dabei kann elektrische Energie in Ho¨he von 4 TWh (2030, 1,4 Prozent der ja¨hrlichen Einspeisung aus erneuerbaren Energien) bzw. 21 TWh (2040+, 4,7 Prozent der ja¨hrlichen Einspeisung aus erneuerbaren Energien) nicht im System genutzt werden.

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