By Rianne Letschert, Ines Staiger, Antony Pemberton
The large-scale terrorist assaults on Sep 11 ended in extra consciousness being dedicated to sufferers of terrorist acts. Discussions came about on how their wishes might be most sensible accommodated. The Madrid bombings in March 2004 gave additional impetus to this procedure. This improvement can be a part of a up to date pattern in the direction of common sufferer of crime guidelines that department out into really expert rules devised to satisfy the desires of specific teams of sufferers comparable to sufferers of trafficking, sufferers of sexual violence and abuse or sufferers of site visitors injuries. despite the fact that, even though a move of nationwide and foreign team spirit on the subject of addressing the wishes of sufferers of terrorism has built, political consensus remains to be fragile.
This e-book presents an intensive research of the categorical wishes of sufferers of terrorism (using either felony and psycho-social studies), in comparison to sufferers of different sorts of crime. The research combines various disciplines, allowing to mix different views resulting in synergy within the research of the felony and psycho-social wishes of sufferers of terrorism. additionally the appropriateness of restorative justice practices within the context of terrorism is incorporated and gives difficult new insights.
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Extra info for Assisting Victims of Terrorism: Towards a European Standard of Justice
25 Furthermore, countries like Germany or the United Kingdom still have to deal with the consequences of left wing and nationalist terrorism of the 1970s,1980s and 1990s (RAF, IRA). J. and Kilchling, M. 2005 p. 14. This brief review of the literature will not address the root causes of terrorism. For more information, see Alex Schmid, Why Terrorism, Root Causes, Some Empirical Findings, and the Case of 9/11, Presentation at the Council of Europe Conference, “Why Terrorism? Addressing the Conditions Conducive to the Spread of Terrorism”, Strasbourg, 25–26 April 2007, Stream-video accessible through the Council of Europe website.
8. 23 Marc Groenhuijsen, International Protocols on Victims’ Rights and some Reflections on Significant Recent Developments in Victimology, in R. Snyman and L. ), Victimology in South Africa, Van Schaik Publishers, Pretoria, 2005, pp. 333–351. 1 Introduction and Definitions 7 to the media attention. 24 Another key question is: do victims of terrorism have appropriate access to justice and how is the administration of justice dealt with in this context? A novel feature of our approach is that we will also explore the possible utility of restorative justice approaches.
This study aims to shed new light on these difficult issues. Before addressing them in depth, the nature of this project will be further defined and refined, by examining the definition of terrorism, of victims of terrorism and of restorative justice. 1 The Various Features of Terrorism Terrorism has many different faces and features. To name but a few: the world has been confronted with large-scale attacks leading to multiple casualties (the attacks on 9/11), acts in which non-state and state actors are involved.