By M. Jary
Statement is a time period usually utilized in linguistics and philosophy yet infrequently outlined. This in-depth research surveys and synthesizes a number philosophical, linguistic and mental literature at the subject, after which provides a close account of the cognitive procedures concerned about the translation of assertions.
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Extra info for Assertion (Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Language and Cognition)
Barker explains the meaning common to these three sentences in terms of assertion. An order given using an imperative sentence is analysed as a case of a speaker advertising intentions to: a) represent a state of affairs in which she desires that the hearer sees to it that a certain assertion is correct (in the sense that it is correctly asserted by anyone with perfect information); b) have the hearer believe she has this desire. If the speaker has the advertised intention b), then her utterance is an order (2004: 82) Thus in uttering (28), the speaker is, according to Barker, advertising an intention to represent a desire she has that Peter make the world such that (29) can be correctly asserted.
Com - licensed to Universitetsbiblioteket i Tromso - PalgraveConnect - 2011-04-20 Assertion, Belief and Knowledge 41 Assertion story, once the intention has been recognised, P has been accepted by the hearer. This is because ‘know’ is a factive verb, and assigning an intention let the hearer know that P is to accept thereby that P. Before we consider this problem, note first that the comprehension/acceptance distinction is only an issue for assertive speech acts: in the interpretation of, for example, orders, questions and promises, interpretation and acceptance of the thought that the speaker wishes to communicate coincide.
Indeed, so much so that this is the topic of the next chapter. 1 Introduction Perhaps the most natural way to think about the relationship between assertion and belief is to see former as the expression – or exteriorisation – of the latter. This is certainly how Frege saw it. For him, belief is the result of judging a thought true, and assertion is the manifestation of that judgement (1918–19/1997: 329). Viewed this way, assertion can only be analysed given a prior notion of belief. This order of priority is found throughout linguistics and philosophy of language.