By Douglas Walton
This monograph poses a chain of key difficulties of evidential reasoning and argumentation. It then deals strategies completed through utilizing lately constructed computational types of argumentation made to be had in man made intelligence. each one challenge is posed in this sort of approach that the answer is well understood. The ebook progresses from confronting those difficulties and delivering recommendations to them, development an invaluable common technique for comparing arguments alongside the way in which. It presents a hands-on survey explaining to the reader easy methods to use present argumentation equipment and ideas which are more and more being carried out in additional distinct methods for the applying of software program instruments in computational argumentation structures. It exhibits how using those instruments and strategies calls for a brand new method of the innovations of data and rationalization appropriate for various settings, akin to problems with public protection and overall healthiness, debate, criminal argumentation, forensic facts, technology schooling, and using professional opinion facts in own and public deliberations.
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Additional info for Argument Evaluation and Evidence
9 Undercutters and Rebutters 29 argument labeled in Fig. 6 as an undercutter. An undercutter is a form of argument that attacks another argument not by attacking its premises or its conclusion, but by attacking the inferential link, the argument itself that connects the premises with the conclusion. Then, as shown in Fig. 6, the argument at the bottom attacks the undercutter by providing a sequence of argumentation that weighs against the argument that Watson could have gotten his sun tan in some place in the tropics other than Afghanistan.
The chapter uses argument diagramming tools, argumentation schemes, and explanatory story-based scripts to model the evidential structure of the use of inference to the best explanation in both cases. Both cases are from textbooks used to teach students how to grasp the basics of pro-contra argumentation used in evidential reasoning in a criminal trial of a highly typical sort. The chapter offers the beginnings of a solution to the technical problem of combining argument and explanation in such cases, pointing the way forward to Chap.
2 The Case of the Disappearing Sailor In his book, A Student’s Textbook of the Law of Evidence, Wigmore (1935, 311) presented a case outline that has some interesting aspects from an evidential point of view. A seaman S on the bark “Nancy Lee” from Hull to Sydney had been constantly surly and insubordinate to the second mate M, against whom he had a grudge, arising in some prior voyage in another vessel. M on this voyage had two or three times knocked down S for disobedience. On January 14 S had the trick at the wheel in M’s watch; the others of that watch were furling the topsail.