By Elizabeth Perry
How can we clarify the wonderful trajectory of the chinese language Communist revolution? Why has it taken the sort of diverse direction from its Russian prototype? a solution, Elizabeth Perry indicates, lies within the chinese language Communists’ artistic improvement and deployment of cultural assets – in the course of their progressive upward push to strength and afterwards. Skillful “cultural positioning” and “cultural patronage,” at the a part of Mao Zedong, his comrades and successors, helped to build a polity within which a as soon as alien Communist process got here to be approved as familiarly “Chinese.” Perry lines this method via a case learn of the Anyuan coal mine, a spot the place Mao and different early leaders of the chinese language Communist occasion mobilized an influential exertions flow at the start in their revolution, and whose background later grew to become a touchstone of “political correctness” within the People’s Republic of China. as soon as often called “China’s Little Moscow,” Anyuan came around time to represent a distinctively chinese language progressive culture. but the meanings of that culture stay hugely contested, as modern chinese language debate their innovative prior looking for a brand new political destiny.
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Additional resources for Anyuan: Mining China's Revolutionary Tradition
Moreover, the fact that several of the most dedicated and determined early leaders of the CCP were cultural insiders, familiar with local customs and capable of communicating with the majority of miners in their own dialect on the basis of shared symbolic meanings, greatly facilitated their efforts. Building on this insider advantage, in September 1922 Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, and Li Lisan cooperated in launching a hugely successful nonviolent strike at Anyuan that came to be seen as one of the early milestones of the Communist revolution.
Temporarily, at least, the way of the soldier (wuren) trumped that of the scholar (wenren). Today, competing claimants to the legacy of Anyuan—within state and society alike—struggle with this complicated and contradictory heritage. the anyuan challenge The process of making and mining the Anyuan revolutionary tradition, from its origins to the present day, is the subject of this book. The ﬁrst four chapters highlight the role of cultural positioning in revolutionary mobilization; subsequent chapters consider the power of cultural patronage in appropriating and reinterpreting that complex heritage.
Glyphomancy (the deconstruction and recombination of Chinese characters as a means of fortune telling) was a common practice among lodge masters. , a piece of red cloth or a small replica of the lodge banner containing the magical characters) to carry on their persons to provide supernatural protection. Lodges offered instruction in martial arts techniques to new inductees as well. The violence that characterized everyday life in Anyuan—both inside and outside the mines—made such skills particularly valuable.