By M. Powell Lawton PhD, Jeanne A. Teresi EdD PhD
This quantity evaluates a number of review measures in regards to older adults. The professional individuals deal with issues reminiscent of overview of healthiness, practical incapacity (ADLs), psychological agility, getting older and character, melancholy, and ache. whereas the tools themselves are on hand from different assets, this ebook discusses the suitability, strengths, and weaknesses of varied measures and gives present info at the swiftly altering, cutting-edge review expertise.
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Extra resources for Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 14, 1994: Focus on Assessment Techniques
1990). Problems in the measurement of latent variables in structural equations causal models. Applied Psychological Measurement, 14, 183-196. Cooper, J. , Kendell, R. , Guriand, B. , Copeland, J. R. , & Simon, R. J. (1972). Psychiatric diagnosis in New York and London: A comparative study of mental hospital admissions. Maudsley Monograph No. 20. London: Oxford University Press. , & Moran, P. A. P. (1986). The utility of latent trait models in psychiatric epidemiology. Psychological Medicine, 16, 391-405.
Because 35% of caregivers are elderly spouses and because a large proportion of adult-child caregivers are themselves elderly, different relationships among variables may be observed for these older caregivers in contrast with younger caregivers, Lawton and Lawrence in this volume discuss the causal role of health variables. In older cohorts, do somatic symptoms represent an outcome or an exogenous variable in structural equation causal analysis? Are they indicators of the latent physical health variable or the latent psychological health variable in a measurement model?
A second issue is the extent to which the same measures can be applied across age cohorts. Are there response biases present which may alter the validity of the measure for certain age cohorts? Finally, at issue is how age is placed in conceptual models of relationships among constructs. Should age be considered as a moderator variable, as an interaction term, or as a main effect? Invariance of States and Traits Across Populations. A basic assumption in comparing age cohorts is that the same construct is being measured across cohorts; however, there may be reason to question this assumption in some areas.