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By S. D. Berkowitz

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About the Author

Salo W. Baron, who was once a rabbi, educator, and editor, used to be esteemed as a Jewish historian. A prolific author, Baron was once top recognized for his eighteen-volume paintings A Social and non secular historical past of the Jews. He was once ordained a rabbi in 1920 and acquired doctoral levels in philosophy, political technological know-how, and legislation from the collage of Vienna. He later served as a professor of Jewish heritage and literature at Columbia collage for thirty-three years. As a student, Baron is credited with broadening and modernizing the historical view of the Jewish adventure. furthermore, he supplied testimony for the prosecution on the trial of Nazi legitimate Adolf Eichmann. Baron additionally edited Jewish Social stories and the sequence "A Documentary background of yank Jews. "

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Extra info for An Introduction to Structural Analysis. The Network Approach to Social Research

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Addison-Wesley, 1978. " After almost a century of research into topics—such as families, peer groups, friendship, ethnicity, and urban neighborhoods—where this conceptual framework is only marginally useful, the predominant tendency is to continue to view the social world as a simple extension of the sentiments, motivations, and attitudes of individual actors. At best, conventional social science sees the ties which bind actors together into families, ethnic groups, friendship circles, and other social entities as products of individual consciousness or internal states of mind.

5 In the same vein, sociologists who have compiled detailed and, in many ways, sensitive "family histories" in Latin American barrios have often adopted the same individualistic analytic approach they would in surveying North American middle-class whites. 6 These assumptions and models, moreover, have not been confined to the realm of pure theory. Social workers, psychiatrists, job counsellors, and school officials are trained to look for the sources of personal difficulties in individual feelings and attitudes and in their clients' consequent inability to "adjust" to others' expectations.

4 We can best appreciate how deeply these individualistic interpretations of reality have been etched into the worldview of conventional Western social scientists when we examine the vocabulary of motives which they attribute to other, non-Western peoples. For instance, Franz Boas's otherwise excellent explanation of the "potlatch" ceremony lays unusual stress on the individual rewards derived from it. 5 In the same vein, sociologists who have compiled detailed and, in many ways, sensitive "family histories" in Latin American barrios have often adopted the same individualistic analytic approach they would in surveying North American middle-class whites.

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