Download An Introduction to English Semantics and Pragmatics by Chris Cummins, Patrick Griffiths PDF

By Chris Cummins, Patrick Griffiths

This booklet i purchased for a process my M.A. learn .it is a really great booklet in its field.i suggest it to a person who's really good in linguistics ,in specific ,in semantics .it is brief and awarded in a very easy language .it comprises nine the tip of every bankruptcy ,you locate workouts and thier solutions are on the finish of the publication.

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Additional info for An Introduction to English Semantics and Pragmatics (Edinburgh Textbooks on the English Language)

Example text

However, it is an argument that does not follow from the structure of the discourse. The discourse has the structure ‘p therefore q’ and that is certainly not a generally valid line of reasoning. 17). 17) Rupert is a friend of mine. Therefore we are sailing northwards. 16) can be seen to be valid. 16) has to represent a linguistic fact about English: that ‘when any thing, x, is bigger than some other thing, y, then y is necessarily smaller than x; and vice versa’. This is, in effect, the information summarised in the sense relation of converseness.

The students liked the course. The students loved the course. The rain stopped. The rain ceased. Recommendations for reading Worthwhile textbooks offering more detail are Kearns (2000) and Saeed (2003). Both include introductions to formal semantics, Kearns’s being particularly good in this respect. Cruse (2000) offers many interesting insights into word meanings. Blakemore (1992), chapter 4, sets out the three stages of interpretation: literal meaning, explicature, implicature. Grundy (2000) is an accessible book on pragmatics.

A prototype chair has a back, seat and legs. Interestingly the words back and legs are also body part labels. The body part labels head, neck, foot and mouth are used to label parts of a wide range of things: for example, a mountain has a head and foot; lampposts and bottles both have necks; caves and rivers have mouths. Presumably this indicates a human tendency to interpret and label the world by analogy with what we understand most intimately, such as our own bodies. 2 Hyponymy This relation is important for describing nouns, but it also figures in the description of verbs (see Chapter 4) and, to a lesser extent, adjectives.

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