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By Margaret Coulthard

The primary quandary of this publication is the research of verbal interplay or discourse. this primary six chapters record and review significant theoretical advances within the description of discourse. the ultimate chapters reveal how the findings of discourse research can be utilized to enquire second-language instructing and first-language acquisition and to examine literary texts.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to Discourse Analysis

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Can you pass the salt? Sure. (passes the salt) These examples are easy to instance and accept, but Searle goes on to generalize, suggesting that 'the man who says "I want you to do this" literally means he wants you to do it'; this leads him to argue that when such sentences are uttered the literal illocutionary act is also performed, and thus he talks of indirea speech aas, that is, speech acts performed indirectly through the performance of another speech act. As supporting evidence for his claim of simultaneous performance, Searle cites speakers' reports of utterances, observing that 'Can you pass the salt' can be reported by an utterance of 'he asked me whether ...

They can differ in terms of the psychological state they express - here he uses 'believe', 'want' and 'intend' as primitives, arguing that stating or explaining involves 'believing that p', promising involves 'intending that p' and ordering 'wanting that p'. 3. They can differ in terms of point or purpose - this is the most important criterion of the three and corresponds to the essential condition in his earlier analysis. Using these three dimensions, Searle proposes five macro-classes of illocutionary act: representatives, directives, commissives, expressives and declarations.

He combines groups 4 and 5 arguing, not entirely convincingly, that 'both concern reasons for doing A . . since wanting to do something is a reason par excellence for doing it'. He is then able to show that a speaker can make an indirect directive by: 1. either asking whether or stating that a preparatory condition concerning H's ability to do A obtains; 2. either asking whether or stating that the propositional content condition obtains; 3. '). 4. either stating that or asking whether there are good or overriding reasons for doing A, except where the reason is that H.

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