By Donald B. Redford
Describes the realm of Akhenaten, a ruler of old Egypt who tried to introduce monotheism via worship of the sunlight.
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Extra resources for Akhenaten, the Heretic King
Amenophis the Diplomat But Egypt during Amenophis Ill's reign had no need to go to war. Her international diplomacy was carried on from a position of strength, and her will \-vas effected through persuasion, diplomatic gift, marriage, or veiled threat. The era of the "Pax Aegyptiaca" was at its height. The designation of nations as superpowers, middle-ranking powers, or "third-world" states, a terminology commonJy thought to have been in vented in the 20th century, is as old as civilized man himself!
Arkell, A Hisrory of the Sudall 10 1821 (London, 1961); W. B. , 1976). 24 8. 0 provin( pact ofl GLIMPSES horns, 77 in addition to [cargo-boats] lad n with all the fine products of thi land. 7 Egypt's organization of her northern provinces foHowed markedly dif ferent lines. ~ In Canaan and Syria the Egyptians encountered ity-states and small kingdoms as politically ophisticated and culturally advanced as their own land; there was no need to impose a bureaucratic framework de novo. The cities were kept in a state of subversion by a number of simple expe dients.
In a New Kingdom school text, a father scolds his wayward son in a "model" letter: "you are wandering like a swallow with its young! " (a reference to a tribal ritual of blood brotherhood). "14 13· J. Cemy, JNES 14. Anastasi. i. 20. 14 (1955), r61ff. 29 The Image Of Pharaoh It would be strange, in the light of the drastic changes that had overtaken Egypt in so short a time, if the image of Pharaoh did not undergo an al teration as well. And, in fact, the imperial pharaoh was consid rably different from his dignified ancestors who had occupied the "Horus-throne of the Living" in centuries past.