By Henning Kort M., J. Rgen Heinze, Hans-Henning Kort M.
"In this paintings aggression and clash in guy and different primates are interpreted within the mild of evolutionary biology and video game thought versions. Unitlnow interdisciplinary collaboration among the arts and the ordinary sciences has been infrequent and hampered by way of diverse methodologies and terminology. however, such cooperation is key for elucidating the reasons and results of aggression in people and in explaining what form aggression takes specifically occasions. the purpose of this quantity is to give empirical and theoretical reports from biologists and social scientists to create an interdisciplinary framework for figuring out aggression."-- Read more...
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Additional info for Aggression in humans and other primates : biology, psychology, sociology
Emerson, T. E. (1993). The Osteology and Archeology of the Crow Creek Massacre. Plains Anthropologist, 38, 227-269. Wilson, F. (1961). Adult Reproductive Behavior in Asolcus basalis (Hymenoptera: Selonidae). Australian Journal of Zoology, 9, 739-751. Wilson, M. , Wallauer, W. R. & Pusey, A. E. (2004). New Cases of Intergroup Violence among Chimpanzees in Gombe National Park, Tanzania. International Journal of Primatology, 25, 523-549. Yasukawa, K. & Bick, E. I. (1983). Dominance Hierarchies in Dark-Eyed Juncos (Junco hyemalis): A Test of a Game-Theoretic Model.
Much to the enjoyment of classical game theorists, it is now possible to identify a Nash equilibrium in which both players play the same mixed strategy. When playing this symmetric Nash equilibrium each of the drivers remains on the collision course with What Theoretical Biology has to say on Aggression in Humans and Animals 31 some probability and those who observe the scene have chance of observing a crash. We now see what is intricate about the game under consideration. Both players could in principle chicken out and share the reward without risking the cost of car repair.
Realistic payoffs inform us about conflict resolution and animal societies. The theory of asymmetric contests has a wide range of applications in different parts of the animal kingdom, ranging from spiders and insects to birds and 34 Peter Hammerstein mammals. g. Wilson 1961, Kummer et al. 1974, Davies 1978, Yasukawa & Bick 1983, Crespi 1986). Empirically it is quite a challenge, however, to estimate quantitatively the costs and benefits that matter if one really wants to put contest models to the test.