By Abdi Ismail Samatar
Abdi Ismail Samatar presents a transparent and foundational background of Somalia on the sunrise of the country’s independence whilst Africa’s first democrats seemed. whereas many African nations have been ruled via authoritarian rulers after they entered the postcolonial era―and students have assumed this as a typical characteristic of political management at the continent―Somalia had an actual democratic management. Samatar’s political biography of Aden A. Osman and Abdirazak H. Hussen breaks the stereotype of brutal African tyranny. Samatar discusses the framing of democracy in Somalia following the years of regulate through fascist Italy, the formation of democratic enterprises in the course of the political fight, and the institution of democratic foundations within the new state. although this early scenario didn't final, those leaders left in the back of a robust democratic legacy which can offer a version of excellent governance for the remainder of the continent.
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Additional info for Africa’s First Democrats: Somalia’s Aden A. Osman and Abdirazak H. Hussen
These qualities were visible at three formative periods: childhood, in the colonial service, and as member of the liberation movement. Childhood Hussen was born in a pastoral camp in the Nugal region of northeastern Somalia around 1925. His exact date and place of birth are unknown as it was uncommon for pastoralists to record such personal details. His father, Haji Hussen, was a well-known elder in the region who had three wives and a very large family even by the standards of the time. He fathered twenty-four sons and thirteen daughters.
First, his livelihood struggles culminated in literary and business success. These assets and experiences gave him self-confidence such that he never doubted his ability to look after his family without being dependent on favors from individuals or authorities. Selfreliance of this sort was rare among the emerging nationalist elite in the late 1940s. Second, his experience with fascism, the injustices, and the brutality it imposed on Somalis made him exceptionally aware of the pain of tyranny. His developing nationalist identity was anchored in such humane sentiments, which made him very unusual among the elite.
Shortly thereafter Lieutenant Stiffan, an Italian officer, and his Somali woman, Faduma Hussein, employed Osman as a houseboy in 1921. Stiffan moved to Mogadishu, and his mistress and Osman followed him on foot. Faduma treated Osman as if he were her son. She later arranged for his circumcision. Stiffan went back to Italy when his term of duty expired, and Faduma and Osman returned to Baidoa. 16 | Africa’s First Democrats After a short stay in Baidoa, Faduma decided to resettle in Bardera, and Osman was left alone.