By Lorenzo Rinelli
The strategy of migration keep an eye on mirrors the trajectories of the folks who traverse nationwide obstacles, making today’s borders versatile and fluid.
This e-book explores the transformation of migration keep an eye on within the publish Sep 11 period. It appears at how border controls became extra diffuse within the face of elevated human flows from Africa and offers a serious research of the dispositif of ecu migration keep watch over, together with detention with no trial, derogation of human rights legislations, torture, "extraordinary rendition", the curtailment of civil liberties and the securitization of migration. via interpreting the position of Gaddafi’s Libya within the final ten years as a gendarme of Europe, it argues for a re-visioning of borders and frontiers in ways in which can account for his or her dialectical nature, and for the dialectical nature of political life.
This textual content should be of key curiosity to students and scholars of eu reviews, African reviews, safeguard stories, diplomacy, worldwide stories, comparative politics, cultural geography, migration reviews and border theory.
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Additional info for African Migrants and Europe: Managing the ultimate frontier
In general, one can argue that the beginning of extraterritorial migration control practices began with the introduction of the visa (Torpey 2000). Nonetheless, while practices of extraterritorial migration control have been largely implemented by Western states in the past two decades since the introduction of visa requirements, after 9/11, this approach changed in kind as border controls have become more diffuse and less clearly localizable. Globalization’s perception of increased 2â•…Externalization human flows combined with the global war on terror has been infused with an idea of a permanent and disperse clash of civilizations (Huntington 1993).
Since unification, governments of Europe have increasingly found it advantageous to delegate the management of undocumented migrants and asylum seekers to third countries. As several authors (Castels 2004; Guirandou and Lahav 2000) demonstrate, different and multiple interests and loci of domestic dissent can clearly constrain governments’ attempts to reject unwanted migrants. In other words, the EU and single member states are outsourcing their legal responsibilities to territories where those responsibilities are “subject to minimal scrutiny and accountability” (Oxfam 2005, p.
9 It is clear enough that, even if Amsterdam readmission agreements fall within the communitarian domain, member states actively work to secure bilateral cooperation across the Mediterranean. As a matter of fact, already in MayÂ€ 2002, a Secretaries of Foreign Affairs conference held in Tripoli discussed the possibility of integrated regional cooperation on immigration practices. The next year, Libya officially moved forward at Alessandria (Egypt). Of particular relevance to my research, in 2004 Italy and Libya concluded an agreement that includes, apart from high-tech border control equipment, the establishment of reception centers to prevent asylum seekers and migrants from attempting dangerous journeys across the Sahara and Mediterranean to European cities.