By Silvia Bonino
The quantity provides a considerable contribution to the knowledge of adolescent chance behaviors, informative and important for either scientist and practitioner. The chapters care for all of the key chance behaviors which are of shock at this developmental level: tobacco smoking, alcohol use, marijuana and different medicines use, precocious and unprotected sexual habit, consuming problems, dicy behaviors, dicy riding, deviant and delinquent habit. The ebook combines theoretical research and the results of a large learn undertaking, the place the a number of contexts within the ecology of day-by-day adolescent lifestyles were thought of; the knowledge are in line with huge normative samples and the presentation of findings is particularly available, depending all through on photograph illustration instead of statistical tables.
The ebook describes the various probability behaviors, indicates the linkages between them, explains the services served by means of a number of the threat behaviors or the meanings they might have for the adolescent, examines how they range with age, intercourse, and different demographic features, demonstrates the influential function that the theoretical threat components and protecting components play in adolescent chance habit involvement. The examine findings not just improve the idea, yet they function an enormous consultant to the layout of intervention efforts to avoid or lessen adolescent involvement in chance behavior.
The emphasis of the authors at the have to advance protecting components which can advertise confident improvement, and at the have to supply possibilities for behaviors that may serve a similar reasons as hazard behaviors do, yet with no compromising future health and improvement, is salutary. this is often the foremost problem for all western modern societies to accomplish.
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Additional resources for Adolescents and Risk: Behavior, Functions, and Protective Factors
Still other behavior, such as precocious or unprotected sex, can involve psychological and social risks, such as early pregnancy or physical risks tied to sexually transmitted diseases. In the case of other behavior, such as vandalism or theft, the risks involved are mainly psychological and social, as it undermines the peaceful relationship between the individual and the society in which he or she lives. The majority of boys and girls give up in later years some of the risky behavior that emerged during adolescence: this is generally the case for marijuana use as well as many other types of deviant behavior (Jessor and Jessor 1977; Silbereisen et al.
As a consequence, they seek new models among their peers and struggle against parental models, focussing on the aspects of difference and opposition. The passage from an all-powerful, unrealistic vision of one’s parents, which is characteristic of childhood, to a more realistic vision that recognizes the limitations and imperfections of one’s parents, is certainly not linear, nor is it painless. It takes place in phases of opposition and negativity where differences between adolescent and parent are emphasized.
This function deals mainly with the new and diverse physical, psychological, and social possibilities offered by cognitive and sexual development. Self-affirmation is achieved by testing oneself and one’s abilities; very often this implies acting in a way that is different from what adults expect and from how one acted as a child. Self-affirmation and experimentation are tightly linked to the search for autonomy because the adolescent seeks to affirm autonomy from others, especially from adults.