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By Myles Brand, Douglas Walton

Complaints of the Winnipeg convention on Human motion, held at Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, September 11 may possibly 1975

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Extra resources for Action Theory: Proceedings of the Winnipeg Conference on Human Action, Held at Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 9–11 May 1975

Example text

Beliefs spontaneously refer their holder beyond themselves to what makes them true" (op. , p. 148). Beliefs may do this, although I would prefer to say that the believer does it, but the content of the belief, the 'representation', does not. We need an intender to determine onus of fit, to treat things, mental and physical, as representations, and to decide on the use of those representations. Without intention, without the will to represent, and without recognition of standards of correctness in representations, the world may be cluttered with matching states of affairs but not representations, with endlessly recurring events but, without a recognizing mind, no eternal return.

If circumstances are favorable, and we have the relevant abilities, a volition to do A is the cause of ones doing A and is realized (a concept closely akin to that of truth) by the doing of A. 22. Furthermore, just as it is an essential part of the function of perceptual takings to provide premises - though they may occur without the content they provide actually serving as a premise - so it is an essential part of the function of volitions that their content serve as conclusions of practical reasonings - though, as in the case of impulsive action, they may occur without their content actually having served as a conclusion.

Could one representation serve both as memory and as intention? Memory, as Hobbes said, supposeth the time past. Does the representation incorporate the suppositio? Are Danto's representations tensed, and have they mood as well as tense? Aquinas (Summa Theologica, §78, Article 4) discussed the view of Avicenna that the powers of the souls of men and INTENTION, PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE, AND REPRESENTATION 37 animals include not merely Aristotle's common sense and imagination, to recognize, retain, and revive past perceptions, but phantasy to recombine them, and an estimative and memorative power to use and interpret them once revived, to assign them to the past or project them into the future as goals for action.

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