Download A New Social Question?: On Minimum Income Protection in the by Ive Marx PDF

By Ive Marx

Social scientists, politicians, and economists have lately been fascinated with the concept that the complicated welfare states of Europe face a “New Social Question.” The center notion is that the transition from an business to a postindustrial surroundings has introduced with it a complete new set of social hazards, constraints, and trade-offs, which necessitate radical recalibration of social defense structures. a brand new Social query? analyzes that query extensive, with specific cognizance to the matter of source of revenue defense and the problems dealing with Bismarckian welfare states. it is going to be important analyzing for somebody attracted to knowing the way forward for ecu social policy.About the AuthorIve Marx is study fellow on the Centre for Social coverage on the college of Antwerp, Belgium. [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]

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This makes older employees expensive, and it is generally accepted that this is one reason why people above a certain age find it very difficult to obtain a new job. It seems plausible that the development of this institutional feature has been facilitated by the existence of early retirement schemes that made it easy to remove older, less productive people from the production process. , limitations on temporary employment or minimum wages. Exogenous vs. endogenous causality The sharp increase in pre-transfer poverty among the lower skilled is consistent with the initial hypothesis.

Level in 1997 (1997 euros) and 1976-1997 percentage point difference 25-64 years 25-44 years 1997 1976-1997 1997 1976-1997 Ed. 7 Ed. 4 Source: Belgian Socio-Economic Panel Survey. 8 Poverty rate by educational quartile, 1976-1997. Level in 1997 and 19761997 percentage point difference 25-64 years 25-44 years 1997 1976-1997 1997 1976-1997 Ed. 9 Ed. 2 4/1 (per. 6 Source: Belgian Socio-Economic Panel Survey. indd 42 8-12-2006 15:12:44 One should of course keep in mind that those of working age constitute a very broad segment of the population.

11, which shows the increase in the combined earned income of couples (we have only taken into account the 25- to 45-year-olds in order to control in a rudimentary way for age). It concerns couples with at least one earned income. The effect of any differential increase in female employment should therefore become visible. The table shows that the average combined earned income of couples where the male is low-skilled increased equally strongly between 1976 and 1997 than that of couples where the male is high-skilled.

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