By Steven Runciman
Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A historical past of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English ancient writing, is being reissued. This quantity offers thoroughly with the 1st campaign and the root of the dominion of Jerusalem. As Runciman says in his preface: 'Whether we regard the Crusades because the so much super and so much romantic of Christian adventures, or because the final of the barbarian invasions, they shape a crucial truth in medieval heritage. earlier than their inception the centre of our civilization used to be positioned in Byzantium and within the lands of the Arab caliphate. ahead of they pale out the hegemony in civilization had handed to western Europe. Out of this transference sleek historical past was once born.'
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Extra resources for A History of the Crusades: Volume 1, The First Crusade and the Foundation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
Eh. v; O'Leary, How Greek Science passed to the Arabs, pp. I3S-9· The Reign of Antichrist development of the Hellenistic culture of the near Orient; which now achieved its finest, but its fmal, flowering. 1 The Christians had therefore no cause to regret the triumph of Islam. Despite an occasional brief bout of persecution and despite a few humiliating regulations, they were better off than they had been under the Christian Emperors. Order was better kept. Trade was good; and the taxes were far lower.
225-31. G. vol. CXLVI, col. 1061, for Eudocia's relic-hunting. 40 The Value of Relics be able to work miracles. 1 Men and women would now travel far to see a holy relic. Still more, they would try to acquire one, to take it home and to set it in their local sanctuary. The chief relics remained in the East, those of Christ at Jerusalem till they were moved to Constantinople, and those of the saints for the most part at their native places. But minor relics began to penetrate to the West, brought by some lucky pilgrim or some enterprising merchant, or sent as a gift to some potentate.
See Brehier, op. cit. pp. 42-5; Ebersolt, op. cit. pp. 75-81. • Brehier, op. cit. p. 42, assumes that the 'schism' of Michael Cerularius created ill will between the Byzantines and the pilgrims. Riant, Expeditions et Pelerinages des Scandinaves, p. 125, goes so far as to say that the Byzantine authorities deliberately closed the route to Palestine. This is apparently based on his interpretation of Lietbert of Cambrai's experience (see p. 49, and n. 1), Scandinavian Pilgrims showed an almost equal enthusiasm.