Download A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated by Michael Axworthy PDF

By Michael Axworthy

Iran is a land of contradictions.

It is an Islamic republic, yet one during which merely 1.4 percentage of the inhabitants attend Friday prayers. Iran's non secular tradition encompasses the main censorious and dogmatic Shi'a Muslim clerics on the planet, but its poetry insistently dwells at the joys of existence: wine, attractiveness, intercourse. Iranian ladies are topic to at least one of the main restrictive costume codes within the Islamic global, yet make up approximately 60 percentage of the scholar inhabitants of the nation's universities.

In A heritage of Iran, acclaimed historian Michael Axworthy chronicles the wealthy background of this advanced state from the Achaemenid Empire of 6th century B.C. to the present-day Islamic Republic. In attractive prose, this revised variation explains the army, political, spiritual, and cultural forces that experience formed one of many oldest carrying on with civilizations on this planet, bringing us up sleek occasions. Concluding with an evaluate of the sizeable adjustments the kingdom has gone through because the revolution in 1979, together with an in depth examine Iran's ongoing makes an attempt to turn into a nuclear strength, A historical past of Iran bargains common readers a necessary advisor to figuring out this unstable kingdom, that's once more on the heart of the world's awareness.

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Extra resources for A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated Edition)

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The art of blown glass is still important in Lebanon today. The same is true for metal working. Phoenician artifacts suggest they were masters at chiseling, engraving and decorating metal. The art evolved over time. Many glass and metal crafts are for sale today in Lebanon’s souks. Vendors also sell ceramics, Arab-inspired jewelry, woven carpets, handmade baskets and much more. Each of these crafts were influenced by some part of Lebanon’s past. The Lebanese also applied their craftsmanship to making instruments.

Every Sunday the whole family gathers. They all meet at the patriarch’s home for Sunday lunch. The patriarch is the oldest living male relative. This might be a grandfather or uncle or cousin. This is the way for all families in Lebanon, no matter the religion. indd 33 8/4/14 4:59 PM chaPter 5 Food Food in Lebanon has many influences. Phoenicians, Romans, Arabs, Crusaders, Ottomans, and French have all shaped Lebanese cuisine. Plus, since Lebanon has been at the center of trading on the Mediterranean, cooks utilize a variety of spices.

Fresh fruit and vegetables from the Békaa Valley are also an important part of cooking. Many people shop at souks, which are open street markets. There shoppers find stalls and shops of fruits, vegetables, spices, meats, and other goods. Food is essential to the Lebanese culture and visiting with one another. No matter the occasion, guests are offered coffee. Lebanese keep a variety of dishes on hand in the event of an unexpected guest. Basic dishes that store and reheat easily are staples in the Lebanese kitchen.

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