Download A Glossary of Phonology (Glossaries in Linguistics) by Philip Carr PDF

By Philip Carr

This pocket-sized alphabetical advisor introduces the diversity of phenomena studied in phonology and the most theoretical frameworks for accomplishing phonological research. The entries are a concise and transparent assessment of 1 of the most parts in linguistic research.

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Consonants are produced with three different degrees of stricture: complete closure, close approximation and open approximation. Consonants can be defined in terms of their position in syllable structure; they usually occupy the onset and coda positions, whereas vowels occupy the head of the nucleus position in a syllable (but see syllabic consonants). Some consonants, such as the glides [w] and [j], often called semiconsonants, share with vowels a stricture of open approximation, but, unlike vowels, do not occupy the head of the syllable nucleus.

In many varieties of English, words such as [f mli] (family) can be pronounced with an elided []:[f mli]. In English, it is usually unstressed vowels which are elided. Consonants too may be elided, as in [sksθs] (sixths), often pronounced [sks]. The process is often referred to as deletion. For the elision of [h] in English, as in Cockney [ pi] for happy, the informal term ‘hdropping’ is often used. emphatic consonants Consonants found in the Semitic languages which are apical, but which have a secondary articulation, often in the pharynx.

Broader transcriptions contain less phonetic detail and often approximate to phonemic transcription. Some authors equate broad transcription with phonemic transcription. Bybee, Joan Under the name Joan Hooper, this American phonologist was associated with Natural Generative Phonology and has more recently been associated with usage-based phonology. C C Stands for consonant. For example, when phonologists speak of CV syllables, they mean simple syllables with a single consonant in the onset position and a single vowel in the nucleus position.

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