By Francis Leroy
Celebrating a century of progressive contributions to our knowing of lifestyles, the area, and the universe, this encyclopedic table reference strains the discoveries that earned approximately 500 amazing scientists Nobel honours within the components of chemistry, physics and medication. Preface; in regards to the authors; desk of contents; The Nobel Laureates in Chemistry (1901 -- 2001); The Nobel Laureates in Physics (1901 -- 2001); The Nobel Laureates in medication (1901 -- 2001); desk: The Nobel Prize Laureates (1901-2001); Bibliography; picture and representation credit; Index of Recipients' Names; topic Index
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Additional info for A Century of Nobel Prize Recipients: Chemistry, Physics, and Medicine (Neurological Disease & Therapy)
Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Norman Haworth for investigating the constitution of carotenoids, flavins, and vitamins A and B2. Son of a dentist. D. in 1911. His main interests then focused on cobalt complexes and arsenical compounds. In 1912, the German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich invited him to hold a post at the "Georg Speyer Haus", a research institute based in Frankfort. After Ehrlich's death in 1915, Karrer focused on the chemistry of plant products. In 1918 he went to Zurich, where he succeeded Werner (deceased in 1919).
He taught at the University of Durham from 1920 to 1925, then at the University of Birmingham until 1948 when he retired. His first research Tetrahedral representation of a water molecule and its dipole moment. The geometry of the molecule is due to the presence of two free electron pairs (not involved in a bond), constituting a total of four electronic sites which, by mutual repulsion, are arranged in a tetrahedron. Arrhénius had only seen a dissociation of molecules when an electrolyte was dissolved.
In 1907, after beginning research at the Berlin Institute of Chemistry, he announced the discovery of mesothorium (radium - 228). Then he began a various elements. The neutron, a neutral particle, has an interesting property: it is readily absorbed by many atomic nuclei. Hahn and Strassmann wanted to create a transuranian element - element 93 - by bombarding uranium, the heaviest element naturally present in the earth's crust, with neutrons. Yet instead of synthesising the expected transuranian element, they detected one that was lighter than uranium: radioactive barium.